STOMA

A stoma is an opening from either the digestive system digestive system or urinary system . This opening is the exit point for faeces or urine and is formed, surgically, to treat serious, often life threatening, diseases and medical conditions such as bowel or bladder cancer, inflammatory bowel disease (ulcerative colitis or Crohn’s Disease), diverticulitis, congenital abnormalities or injury.

There are 3 types of stoma – colostomy, ileostomy and urostomy.

• Colostomy
A colostomy is the result of an operation where part of the colon (large intestine) is brought out onto the surface on the abdomen.
Food waste exits the body via the colostomy rather than from the anus. This waste is collected in an appliance that is worn on the abdomen, over the colostomy. These appliances are usually referred to as stoma bags.
A colostomy operation might be done because a section of bowel has had to be removed due to bowel cancer, inflammatory bowel disease, or injury.

• Ileostomy
An ileostomy is the result of an operation where part of the ileum (the last section of the small intestine) is brought out onto the surface on the abdomen.  Food waste exits the body via the ileostomy rather than from the anus. This waste is collected in an appliance that is worn on the abdomen, over the ileostomy. These appliances are usually referred to as stoma bags. An ileostomy operation is done to treat medical conditions such as bowel cancer, ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s disease, Familial Adenomatous Polyposis (FAP) or injury.

• Urostomy
A urostomy is the result of an operation to divert the flow of urine from the usual route. In most cases a urostomy is formed by a section of small bowel being removed from the digestive system, and then attached to the ureters (which are the tubes leading away from the kidneys). This section of bowel is then brought out onto the surface on the abdomen to form a urostomy.  The urine will then flow from the kidneys, along the ureters, through the section of bowel and out of the urostomy. As it is passed from the urostomy the urine is collected in an appliance that is worn on the abdomen, over the urostomy. These appliances are usually referred to as stoma bags.  A urostomy operation is done when the bladder has to be removed, or bypassed, due to cancer, congenital or neurological disorders or injury.

SUPPORT:

  • Local support group based at Fazakerly hospital, contact - Barbara 0151 529 2842
     
  • www.colostomyassociation.org.uk - can obtain leaflets, access a 24 hour helpline and specific services for young people

 

 

     

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